Cambridge Agreement

26 August, 1629

"the whole Government, together with the patent for the said Plantation" shall go with them to the new settlement.

In effect, they are resolved to establish full independence of the plantation from any authority in England.

The full Court of the Company, within a few days and after much discussion, agreed to this proviso, no doubt influenced by the signatories’ resolve, and the fact that their willingness to settle the plantation hinged upon this point.

Previous patents had defaulted due to lack of action, and so the Company’s adventurers as a whole acquiesced to this loss of their authority to those of the Company who were ready to risk their lives and the lives of their families in an attempted settlement in New England. A majority of the adventurers, Puritans of a like mind, supported them.

Their foresight in taking the Charter with them to the new settlement proved crucial when, in 1635, King Charles and Archbishop Laud sought to destroy it and force a viceregal dictatorship upon the settlers. Their efforts were thereby delayed until Parliamentary victories made the Massachusetts Bay Commonwealth secure in its rights.

via The Winthrop Society: Descendants of the Great Migration.

via Agreement of the Massachusetts Bay Company at Cambridge, England

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