During the summer of 1630, a group of 11 ships led by John Winthrop carried about 700 Puritans with provisions from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. To ensure a successful and self sustaining colony, Puritan families with a wide variety of trades had been selected.
This began a decade of migration to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, that had been planned in Sempringham, Lincolnshire at the family estate of the 4th Earl of Lincoln, who shared the enthusiasm of his father in law for colonisation of North America.
The sister of the 4th Earl of Lincoln, Lady Arabella sailed in the Winthrop Fleet with her husband, Isaac Johnson. The flagship was named Arabella in her honour.
For we must consider that we shall be a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us, so that if we shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a byword through the world.
John Winthrop on the flagship Arbella in 1630