James Fiennes

Lord Saye and Sele

The epitome of a loyal Lancastrian servant, James Fiennes participated in Henry V’s Agincourt campaign in 1415. He then took part in the Norman battles and sieges throughout the reign of Henry V and into the early reign of his successor, Henry VI.

He was present at the coronation of Henry VI in Paris in 1430, and continued to establish his power base in Kent. By 1440, Fiennes was one of the more wealthy and powerful men in England. He took part in the founding of Kings and Eton colleges and was frequently the recipient of lands and titles from the crown.

Fiennes was given the office of Warden of the Cinque Ports and was created Baron Saye and Sele, in addition to being made chamberlain of the royal household.

Although the barony of Saye had been in his family many years previously, his elder brother Roger held a better claim to the title. Fiennes took the title Lord Sele from a manor he owned in Sevenoaks.

via Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Lord of the manor

The significance of King’s College to its founder, King Henry VI, is perhaps most clearly indicated by the College’s foundation charter. Firstly, the illumination on the first membrane of this extremely large parchment document depicts members of the House of Lords pleading for its foundation, and secondly, it bestowed upon the College an incredible amount of land.

King’s College became the lord of the manor for many of the estates it had been given and those which it subsequently obtained. This title indicated wealth and privilege, and it carried rights and responsibilities.

The lord of the manor had freehold ownership of the land, which could then be leased long-term to others under a system called copyhold (because the owner had a copy of the court roll recording the conveyance).

During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries land was gradually enfranchised to the tenants (converted into freehold, the model of ownership in use today), but certain manorial rights were often retained.

Rectorial manors came with chancel repair liability, and King’s College still pays for chancel repair in some parishes where they are no longer Lords of the Manor.

via Estates: Lord of the manors | King’s College, Cambridge.

John de Harington

John de Harington attended king Edward I in his expedition to Scotland 1305, and was made a knight of the Bath at the same time with the Prince of Wales, afterwards king Edward II. He was summoned to Parliament from 18 Edw II to 21 Edw II 1347, when he died. He m Juliana da of sir Richard Barlingham, knt., and had besides other issue a son and heir apparent sir Robert who died in his lifetime having m Elizabeth sister and co heir of John de Moulton lord of Egremont a baron of parliament and leaving issue by her

1 John who succeeded his grandfather and was 2d baron Harington
2 Robert ancestor of the present Baron of whom hereafter

John 2d lord Harington was summoned to parliament 1348 and died 1363 leaving a son and heir Robert 3d lord who d 1405 leaving 2 sons, 1 Robert and 2 John 4th and 5th lords which last died 1457 leaving an only daughter Elizabeth wife of William lord Bonville.

Sir Robert de Harington younger brother of the 2d lord and ancestor of the present bart and of the lords Harington of Exton extinct was seated at Flete co Lincoln m Mary da of Kirkby and left one son

John m Agnes da of Laurence Flete of Flete co Lincoln and d 1421 was succeeded by his son

Robert m the da and co h of John de la Laund and left a son John m Katharine da and co h of sir Thomas Colepepper of Exton co Rutland knt and was succeeded by his son

Robert high sheriff co Rutland 1492 and 1498 and d 12 Feb 1501 He m Maud da of sir John Prisett knt chief justice of the common pleas and left a son

Sir John Harington of Exton aforesaid knt aged 30 at his father’s death he was high sheriff co Rutland 1503 1512 1516 and 1521 d 5 Nov 1524 buried at Exton m Alice da of Henry Southill of in Lincolnshire. He was succeeded by his eldest son

Sir John Harington of Exton knt high sheriff co Rutland 1520 1533 1540 and 1552 and treasurer of the army at Boulogne to king Henry VIII d 1 May 1554 he m Elizabeth da and h of Robert Moton of Peckleton co Leicester and was succeeded by his eldest son

Sir James Harington knt high sheriff co Rutland the latter part of 6th of Edward VI and again the 3d 8th 20th and 28th of Elizabeth m Lucy da of sir William Sidney of Penshurst co Kent knt and sister of sir Henry Sidney KG and aunt of sir Philip Sidney and 1592 having had issue by her who d 1590 3 sons

1 John created 21 July 1603 baron Harrington of Exton co Rutland He was entrusted with the tuition of the princess Elizabeth da of king James I till her marriage with Frederick count palatine of the Rhine and d on his return from the electoral court at Worms in Germany 24 Aug 1613 aged 73 leaving

2 Sir Henry m Cecilia da and co h of Francis Agard and had issue

  • 1 James slain in Ireland
  • 2 Sir William
  • 3 Sir John who m Mary da of William Offley and d 1615 leaving a da Sarah who was first wife of John lord Freshville of Staveley co Derby

3 Sir James 1st baronet

I Sir JAMES of Ridlington co Rutland and high sheriff of the co 35th of Elizabeth He was created a bart 29 June 1611 upon the first institution of this order and m Frances da and co h of Robert Sapcote of Elton co Bedford esq by whom he had 3 sons

  • 1 Sir Edward 2d bart
  • 2 Sir Sapcote knt m 1st Jane da of sir William Samwell of Upton co Northampton knt one of the auditors of James 1 by whom he had 1 James Harington his eldest son groom of the chambers to Charles I and author of the Oceana d without issue 1677 Sir Sapcote’s 2d wife was Jane da of sir John Woodward knt by whom he had several children.
  • 3 John m Frances da of Terringham Norwood of Astwood co Bucks

Sir James died 2 Feb 1613 and was succeeded by his eldest son

II Sir EDWARD received the honour of knighthood in his father’s lifetime was high sheriff co Rutland 19 James I and 12 Charles I and m Margery da and co h of John Doyley of Merton co Oxon esq with whom he had that seat and estate and by whom he had issue several das and 1 son

III Sir JAMES who sat in judgement upon his sovereign and was consequently 13 Car II attainted degraded and rendered incapable of bearing arms or title of dignity hem Katharine da and co h of sir Edmund Wright knt lord mayor of London by whom he had a numerous issue and was succeeded by his eldest son

IV Sir EDMUND twice m but d without issue and was succeeded by his great nephew

V Sir EDWARD who also d without issue and was succeeded by his great nephew

Debrett’s Baronetage of England: with alphabetical lists of such baronetcies as have merged in the peerage, or have become extinct, and also of the existing baronets of Nova Scotia and Ireland. 1835 page 11

Sir Robert Chichester

Sir Robert Chichester of Raleigh KB m Frances youngest daughter of John lord Harrington of Exton and co heir of her brother John lord Harrington who died without issue Aug 27 1613 and by her who died March 20 1627 had a daughter Anne m Thomas lord Kinloss by whom she was mother of Robert earl of Aylesbury and a son,

I Sir JOHN was advanced to the dignity of a baronet m Elizabeth eldest daughter of Sir John Rayney bart by whom he had 3 sons Sir John and Sir Arthur 2d and 3d barts and Henry and dying 1667 was succeeded by his eldest son.

Barony of Say

Thomas, eleventh Baron Clinton, and third Earl of Lincoln who had summons to previously as Lord Clinton and Say. This nobleman m Elizabeth daughter and co heir of Henry Knevitt of Charlton in the county Wilts This lady was author of a tract on Duty of Nursing due by Mothers to their own Children”. His lordship died 15th January 1618 19 and was succeeded by his son Theophilus twelfth Baron Clinton and fourth Earl of Lincoln who m first Bridget of William Fienes Viscount Say and Sele, by whom he had surviving issue.

His lordship is the sixteenth Baron Clinton and the eldest co heir of the ancient barony of Say which has remained in abeyance for several centuries. When Sir James Fienes obtained the barony of Say and Sele by creation in 1447, John the fifth and then Baron Clinton great grandson and representative of Idonea Say relinquished all claim to the barony and arms of Say but how far such a cession affects his descendants has not been determined. According however to the celebrated resolution of the house of lords 18th June 1768 that no fine now levied nor at any time hereafter to be levied to the king can bar such title of honor or the right of any person claiming such title under him that levied or shall levy such fine it would appear that it did not prejudice their hereditary right.

John de Clinton who marrying Ida eldest of the four sisters and co heiress of William de Odingsells Lord of Maxtock Castle in the county of Warwick and thus acquiring that lordship seated himself there. This John de Clinton was in the wars of Scotland 20th Edward I and had summons to parliament as Baron Clinton of Maxtock Otb February 1299 He d in 1314 leaving two sons:

  • John his successor
  • William created Earl of lit ntincdon in 1337 for his valiant achievement in the Scottish wars He dsp in 1334 when the title expired

The elder son Sir John de Clinton second Lord Clinton was summoned to parliament from 1332 to 1335 in which latter year he died and was s by his son Sir John de Clinton third baron summoned to parliament from 1357 to 1397 This nobleman inherited the estates of his uncle William Earl of Huntingdon His lordship was engaged in the French wars with little interruption from 29th Edward III to 6th Richard 11 He m first Idonea de Say elder sister of William Lord Say and aunt and sole heir of Elizabeth Baroness Say she was also cousin and heir of William de Say Baron of Sele Her father was Jeffrey Lord Say and her mother the Lady Maud Beauchamp daughter of Guy Earl of Warwick By this lady he had issue