Bristol 7th Feb 1895

One of the prettiest weddings of the season was celebrated yesterday afternoon at Emmanuel Church, Weston-super-Mare, the bride and bridegroom being  Mr John Gerhard Tiarks, son of the Rev J. G, Tiarks, M.A., of Loxton Rectory, Weston-super-Mare, and Miss Ada Constance Helen Harington, only child of  the late Rev Edward Templer Harington, M.A, vicar of Exmoutb, Devon, and Mrs Harington, of Kelston,  Weston-super-Mare, and granddaughter of the late  Capt. E. Musgrave Harington, R.N., of Kelston House, Ryde, Isle of Wight.

The Rev J. G, Tiarks, M.A., father of the bridegroom and rector of Loxton, officiated, asisted by the Rev J. Harrington Cottle  (uncle of the bride), the Rev Prebendary W. W. Aldridge (vicar of Emmanuel), and the Rev Prebendary James Coleman, M,A. (Rural Dean and vicar of Cheddar, Somerset).

There were six bridesmaids in attendance on the bride, these young ladies being the Misses Muriel and Mary Alexander (cousins of the bride), the Misses Gertrude and Emily Tiarks (sisters of the bridegroom), Miss Nora Pickin and Miss Kitty Harris.  The Rev Lewis H. Tiarks (brother of the bridegroom) was best man, and Mr  Frank C. Tiarks, Mr Hermann A. Tiarks, and Mr Canning Turner acted as groomsmen.

The bride who arrived in good time, was accompanied by her mother, who during the singing of a nuptial hymn and preceded by the full choir and clergy led her up the centre aisle, and in due course gave her away, She selected a wedding dress of white satin brocade, with a long Court train, The bodice was trimmed with embroldered chiffon and tiny sprays of orange blossoms; Her tulle veil surmounted a small wreath of the same blossom in her hair, and she carried a large bouquet of Lily of the valley (the gift of the bridegroom).

At the conclusion of the ceremony, the  bride’s mother held a large reception at West Bay House, Later in the afternoon Mr and Mrs John G. Tiarks left for Devonshire, where the honeymoon is due to be spent, the bride’s going away dress being rifle green cloth, trimmed with old rose silk and black silk braid; black velvet hat, trimmed with black feathers;  and short cloak of violet velvet, trimmed with smoke fox fur.

source: Bristol Mercury 7th Feb 1895

via Tiarks/Harington m 1895 | Weston-super-Mare & District Family History Society.

John E Musgrave Harrington

In an article published in 2005, Sir Roy Strong, former director of the National Portrait Gallery, lamented the breaking up of local collections of portraits as English stately homes faced repurposing or destruction throughout the 20th century.

via “A New Portrait of Mary Rogers, Lady Harington” by Edwards, John Stephan – British Art Journal, Vol. 12, Issue 2, Autumn 2011 | Online Research Library: Questia.

In 1907, John E Musgrave Harrington loaned the Harington family portraits from Kelston to the Victoria Art Gallery (Bath, England) and edited an eleven page, Descriptive catalogue of the Harington loan pictures.

John Harrington of Stepney (c.1517–1582)

Sir John Harington

Mary Rogers, Lady Harington

By the 1930s, final dispersal of the collection of the Harington family of Kelston began through a series of brokered private sales to buyers that included Lord Deramore and the collector Eric Bullivant. The remnants of the collection were eventually liquidated by sale at public auction in July 1942 following the death of John E Musgrave Harrington.

Sidney Sussex College

Sidney Sussex College was founded on St. Valentine’s Day in 1596 by legacy of Lady Frances Sidney, Countess of Sussex (1531–1589).

via Welcome | Sidney Sussex College.

It was from its inception an avowedly Protestant foundation; “some good and godlie moniment for the mainteynance of good learninge”. In her will, Lady Sussex left the sum of £5,000 together with some plate to found a new college at Cambridge University “to be called the Lady Frances Sidney Sussex College”. Her executors Sir John Harington and Henry Grey, 6th Earl of Kent, supervised by Archbishop John Whitgift, founded the college seven years after her death.

Oliver Cromwell was among the first students (although he never graduated after his father became ill).

The opening up of coal mines on estates left to the College in the 18th century provided extra funds which were to be devoted to providing a new mathematical library and accommodation for Mathematical Exhibitioners. As a result, the exterior brick was covered with a layer of cement, the existing buildings were heightened slightly, and the architectural effect was also heightened, under the supervision of Sir Jeffry Wyatville.

In the late nineteenth century, the College’s finances received a further boost from the development of the resort of Cleethorpes on College land on the Lincolnshire coast that was purchased in 1616, following a bequest for the benefit of scholars and fellows by Peter Blundell, a merchant from Tiverton, Devon.

Frances Radclyffe, Countess of Sussex (1531-1589), was born Frances Sidney, the daughter of Sir William Sidney of Penshurst Place, Kent, and his wife, the former Anne Packenham. Her father was a prominent courtier during the reign of King Henry VIII and Lord Chamberlain to King Edward VI. She was a sister of Sir Henry Sidney, and the aunt of the famous poet Sir Philip Sidney and of the 1st Earl of Leicester.

She was a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Elizabeth I in 1555 when she married – as his second wife – Thomas Radclyffe, Viscount FitzWalter, a senior courtier and soldier. He was appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland in 1556 and succeeded his father as the 3rd Earl of Sussex in 1557.

At Elizabeth’s court, she was an adviser and patron of literature and music. In later life she lived at Bermondsey near the royal palace at Greenwich, and at the magnificent New Hall at Boreham, Essex. At Boreham, her neighbours were the Mildmay family who founded Emmanuel College, a Protestant foundation in Cambridge.

Frances and Thomas Sussex had no children, and so in her will, Lady Sussex left the then small fortune of £5,000, as well as with some plate, to establish a new college at Cambridge “to be called the Lady Frances Sidney Sussex College.”

Archbishop Whitgift had been Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity in Cambridge, and had successively been master of Pembroke and Trinity. As a moderate Calvinist, he was a confirmed enemy of radical Puritanism, and so wanted a serious transformation of the training of English priests. Sidney Sussex College would have been an ideal opportunity to support this as an “advance guard” in the creation of the new nation.

In the fraught political atmosphere of the 1580s, Lady Frances believed others were “complotting” her ruin. A libellous pamphlet by Arthur Hall – a notorious rogue MP who tried to woo her – was burned by her nephews the Harrington family in 1588. Was it because of these accusations and plots that she adopted her motto, Dieu me garde de calomnie, which became the college motto? Was it these libels that moved her to ensure she would be remembered in grand physical monuments? Did she plan her funeral monument at Westminster Abbey and a second “goodly and godly” one at Cambridge to help repair her reputation? And what exactly were the accusations against her?

Lady Frances died in 1589 and her main executors, supervised by Archbishop Whitgift, were Sir John Harrington, her nephew, and the lawyer Henry Grey, Earl of Kent. Without these men, Sidney Sussex would never have been founded.

It would have been easier for the executors to give her money to Clare, as the will allowed. Their plans also faced stiff opposition from the Master and Fellows of Trinity College, which had been founded by Henry VIII, who gave Trinity the freehold to the site.

Why did these men persist despite the difficulties they faced between the reading of the will in 1589 and Saint Valentine’s Day 1596, when the deed was signed?

Eventually, Queen Elizabeth intervened on their behalf with the Master and Fellows of Trinity College and building work began in 1595, following the plans of the Cambridge architect, Ralph Symons. By 1598, Hall Court, including the Hall and the Master’s Lodge, was ready for occupation.


Essex took me to Ireland; I had scant time to put on my boots; I followed with good will, and did return with the Lord Lieutenant to meet ill will

via English Mercuries: Soldier Poets in the Age of Shakespeare

John Harington of Kelston had been warned by his friends and family to maintain his distance from the Earl of Essex and cap his wit. He made the mistake of allowing Essex to bestow knighthood upon him on July 30, 1599.

The whole venture was a grand failure. Upon his return, Essex was removed from his position, tried, and placed under house arrest. Having associated himself too closely with Essex, Harington faced the Queen’s anger.

Queen Elizabeth also took an active interest in her godson, “Boye Jack” as she called him. On at least one occasion she sent him a copy of a speech she had delivered before Parliament. Showing an early inclination for literary endeavors, Harington translated Foxe’s Book of Martyrs into Latin.

Although not an exceptionally hardworking student, Harington performed academically well enough to matriculate at King’s College, Cambridge, in 1576, earning a bachelor’s degree in 1577 (or 1578) and master’s degree in 1581. While at Cambridge, Harington maintained the status of filius nobilis, an ancient title assigned to sons of noblemen and bishops. Considering his father’s lack of a noble designation, the entitlement bestowed on Harington gives evidence to the influence of his relationship as the Queen’s godson.

via John Harington Facts.